ISRAEL, the illegitimate state  
 

For centuries, the Jews have had their presence all over the world, but were mostly concentrated in North Africa, the Arab states and in Europe (mostly Germany, Austria, and the UK), USA and some parts of Latin America (South America) ; but they didn’t have their own state with a Jewish majority and were desperate to have one they could call their own.

         

Following the world wars, most of the Muslim Ottoman Empire was broken up and captured by allies that implemented their own rules in these territories.  After the 2nd world war ended, the Jewish population was mostly exiled from Europe and was sent to Palestine to occupy and live there. All this happened under British support. The British first kept the Jews in refugee camps as the Palestinians were not ready to accept this. Later on, they were given armed support and were set free to occupy by force. Seeing the gradually weakening British control on Palestine, the Jewish militant and terrorist groups started a revolt against British Rule in a desperate attempt to gain an area for themselves under cover of statements from their Holy Book, that that part of earth had been promised to them in their Holy Book. There were soon mob attacks on Muslim populations and this started a series of fights ultimately leading to a situation that could be called a civil war.

          In 1947, the British announced that they would soon be ending their Palestinian mandate as things were spiraling out of control and no agreement could be made between the Jews and the Arabs.  The newly formed United Nations presented a partition plan for this region, on 29 November 1947, which was named as Partition Plan for Palestine (United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181).

 

According to this plan, there were two states to be formed; Palestine and Israel. Israel was to be formed on the Palestinian territories occupied by the Jewish minority of the region and Jerusalem was to be made a city under the control of United Nations.  As could be expected, the Arab League and Palestinians refused to accept this plan as it was compromising nearly all the rights and major part of Palestinian land. The Jews were delighted and accepted the plan as it was favoring them completely.

         

The British mandate was to end on 15th of May, 1948. On 14th of May, 1948, the Jewish Agency declared independence and vowed to start an armed struggle and snatch the lands from the locals. As a result, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and Yemen launched a joint Arab League war to defend Palestine. The Israelis were armed and supported by the allies and so were well equipped as compared to Arab League Force. After very fierce fighting, for over a year, a cease fire was reached. Temporary borders were setup and given the name “Green Line”.  According to this cease fire treaty, the West Bank and Jerusalem (East) were given in control of Jordan and the Gaza Strip was taken over by the Egyptian Authorities. Both the Palestinians and Jews suffered heavy losses of life and major economic crises. Millions of Palestinians were displaced. However the leaders of the Jewish Population declared the occupied territories as their “Holy land” and made it clear to the Muslim & Christian neighbors that they would stay there and that Israel is a reality. None of the Arab world countries accepted Israel, as it was a country without any legitimacy.

 

The War in 1967

 

          The Green Line, the Israeli occupation and false propaganda against its neighboring countries led to worsening of ties with the neighboring states. In 1967, the Egyptian Army expelled United Nations forces from the Egyptian lands of the Sinai peninsula.  Egypt, Jordan and Syria started to mobilize their forces as Israel continued to threaten. On 5th of June, 1967, Israel launched an attack on Jordan, Egypt and Syria. Backed by the US, UK and other western powers, the tiny Israeli army defeated the forces of Egypt, Syria and Jordan and after a fight of 6 days, the Arab armies surrendered.  Israel captured Jerusalem and the West Bank from Jordan, the Gaza Strip from Egypt and also the Golan Heights from Syria.

In this way, most of the Palestinian land fell to the Jews who till now occupy and maintain a firm occupation in the region

 

How The Occupation of Palestine is Illegal:

 

 Bringing an end to the Israeli occupation of Palestinian land is as much a prerequisite for peace in the Middle East as is the Palestinian recognition of Israel. The Israeli occupation is not only inhuman and the cause of extreme suffering for the 3.5 million Palestinians living under its subjugation, but it is also illegal under international law. Attempts to claim otherwise have no legal validity and are morally bankrupt and politically dangerous since they basically preclude the achievement of peace.

         

While it is true that victorious powers can legally occupy hostile territories seized in the course of conflict - an example of which is the Allies' occupation of the territory of Nazi Germany during World War II, foreign occupation should nevertheless be a temporary situation, pending a political settlement or solution. During the interim, the occupying Power must comply with relevant instruments of international humanitarian law with regard to its conduct in the territory it has occupied.

         

International law is very clear on two basic principles: the inadmissibility of the acquisition of  territory  by  war  and  the  prohibition  of  the  transfer  of  civilians of  the occupying Power to the occupied territory. Both are intended to prevent expansionism and the colonization of occupied territories. Both complement another explicit principle of international law, namely the right of peoples to self-determination, a right that a colonial or occupying Power is obliged to respect.

 

The Israeli occupation has clearly violated all three of these principles of international law. In fact, throughout its prolonged occupation, Israel has persistently and aggressively breached international law.

         

Thus, what makes the Israeli occupation of Palestinian land illegal is not the fact that it occurred during the wars of 1948 & 1967 (regardless of the narrative concerning the causes of the war). What makes the Israeli occupation illegal is that it has existed for 68 years, during which time it transformed into a form of colonialism and suppressed and oppressed an entire people for decades, preventing them from the exercise of their right to self-determination and the establishment of their State, Palestine.

Israel, as an occupying Power, has undertaken countless measures attempting to change the legal status, demographic composition and character of the territory by confiscating land, exploiting natural resources, building more than 250 settlements, transferring more than 400,000 Israelis to the occupied territories, establishing a dual system of law and even annexing part of the territory.

 

These actions have been carried out in direct contravention of the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, which, among other things, defines the rules of conduct and the obligations of the occupying Power.

 

Clearly then, the active intent of the Israeli occupation has been to negate Palestinian rights, to create new facts on the ground and to illegally expand Israel's borders.

         

Security Council resolution 242 (1967), which is the bedrock of the peace process and of any future peace settlement, is anchored in the principle of the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war. The old and deceptive argument that the resolution calls for withdrawal from 'territories' and not 'the territories' not withstanding (in fact, the French text of the resolution does contain the article 'the'). The call in the resolution for the withdrawal of Israel can only be read within the context of the above-mentioned principle.

 

Since the onset of the 2nd Israeli occupation in 1967, and in response to established, illegal policies and practices of the occupying Power, the Security Council has adopted 26 resolutions that affirmed the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention to the territories occupied by Israel. Of those resolutions, several deal directly with the issue of Israeli settlements and several also specifically deal with Israeli violations in Occupied East Jerusalem.

         

The resolutions clearly address the illegality of Israel's policies and practices with regard to both issues. For example, some of the resolutions affirm that the Israeli settlements 'have no legal validity'; call upon the government and people of Israel 'to dismantle the existing settlements'; and call upon 'all States not to provide Israel with any assistance to be used specifically in connection with settlements in the occupied territories'.

         

As for Occupied East Jerusalem, which the Israeli government illegally annexed in 1980, the Security Council, in resolution 478 (1980), determined 'that all legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which have altered or purport to alter the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, and, in particular, the recent "basic law" on Jerusalem are null and void and must be rescinded forthwith'.

 

Similar affirmations were made by the Council in several other resolutions. Moreover, the General Assembly and other UN organs have adopted scores of resolutions on the illegal policies and practices of the Israeli occupation and on the legitimacy of, and the necessity for, the exercise of the right to self-determination by the Palestinian people.

         

There has therefore been absolutely no impropriety on the part of the UN Secretary-General concerning his recent statements with regard to the Israeli occupation. Kofi Annan's call for an end to 'the illegal occupation' was not only legally correct but was also not a concept invented by the Secretary-General, as reflected in the numerous resolutions of the United Nations. It was, however, important for Mr. Kofi Annan to add his moral authority to the urgent need for an end to that illegal occupation, particularly during this late stage in the perilous deterioration of the situation.

 

In that statement on 12 March 2002, the Secretary-General addressed both the Palestinian and Israeli sides. The Palestinian side probably did not like everything it heard. But, taken in its entirety, the statement was widely viewed as a necessary and responsible call that intended to, and should, help the parties to move forward towards a peaceful settlement. For this to happen, the Israeli people and the Israeli government must indeed come to terms, for once and for all, with the illegality of their occupation and the need for its termination.

 

1947 partition plan

Jerusalem Corpus Separatum 1947

Jews steal all Palestine

 

 

 

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