Gulf of Suez  

TheGulf of Suez is northwestern arm of the Red Sea between Africa proper (west) and the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt (east). The length of the gulf, from its mouth at the Strait of Jubal to its head at the city of Suez, is 195 miles (314 km), and it varies in width from 12 to 20 miles (19 to 32 km). The gulf is linked to the Mediterranean Sea by the Suez Canal (north) and is an important shipping route.

Settlements along the gulf are confined to a few fishing and mining villages. In the 1970s and ’80s oil was discovered at numerous locations onshore and offshore in the gulf. On the Sinai coast the harbour of Abū Zanīmah serves the neighbouring Umm Bugma (Bujmah) manganese mines, Aby Rudais is another oil rich area with a growing population of workers for the oil fields, together with their families, originally from the Nile Valley.

The Gulf of Suez is formed within a relatively young, but now inactive rift basin, the Gulf of Suez Rift, dating back about 28 million years. It stretches some 300 kilometres (190 mi) north by northwest, terminating at the Egyptian city of Suez and the entrance to the Suez Canal. Along the mid-line of the Gulf lies the border between the continents of Africa and Asia. The entrance of the Gulf lies atop the mature Gemsa oil and gas field.


It is the third arm of the triple junction rift system. The second arm of the triple junction system is the Gulf of Aqaba. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the southern limit of the Gulf of Suez as "A line running from Rās Muhammed (27°43'N) to the South point of Shadwan Island (34°02'E) and thence Westward on a parallel (27°27'N) to the coast of Africa








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