The flora and fauna of the Sinai is as varied as it is unexpected. Plant or animal live in places under extreme conditions where only the most hardy of species can survive.

Within the mountains grow plants suitably adapted to the harsh environment yet in enough numbers to provide adequate food supplies for the fauna. Over time, most of these animals have become adapted as well to these conditions, exhibiting the typical dry land characteristics of water retention and efficiency in metabolism. Body heat management also ranks as an important attribute which is essential for their survival.
  During the dry seasons, perennial plants hold onto the slender thread of sustenance while others explode forth during the rare rainy periods. When this eventually takes place, flash flooding occurs at times building up into impressive walls of water that can do much damage. A great deal of this water then works its way through the underlying rock strata, and from place to place collects in natural underground retention structures providing natural pools, or ground water which is accessed by means of wells.
On the coast, juxtaposed alongside this seemingly barren landscape, is a bordering reef habitat which one only wonders about given that its scope in colour, fish and coral presence is on a par with any of the world's major reef systems.
When trekking, it is important to not just look at the ground in front, but to look up, behind, left and right and most importantly, through things. As most of the animal life is either nocturnal and or shy, it helps to spot them from a distance before they dart off.

Collecting is not encouraged, it being totally illegal in the National Parks. The desert is under enough pressure through the simple presence of humanity and its accompanying cultural habits, without having its contents removed. The catch phrase is "take nothing and leave nothing".

For those who visit, please look after this fragile environment. Many who live here, work hard to encourage respect for it, and thereby ensure its long term viability. It is rewarding for us as it is beneficial to the natural habitat, to see others taking steps as well, by removing their rubbish and not destroying that which has taken many years to evolve and flourish here.

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